Felis catus

Domestic Cat

spacer

WILL'S SKULL PAGE

species list

glossary

contact

preparation

spacer

All cat species have very short snouts, with a reduced number of cheek teeth. In a domestic cat the eye sockets are relatively large, their vertical diameter being greater than the length of the snout, as in humans.

Since the 18th century taxonomists have tacitly distinguished the wild cat as F. sylvestris but recent studies suggest that it should be conspecific with F. catus (ref.). The skull of a wild cat is said to be larger and more robust, but as hybridisation may have been taking place since Roman times, there may not be a clear distinction between wild and domestic cats in Britain.

domestic cat skull

1. Skull of domestic cat, lateral view.
 
Click for larger image

domestic cat skull

1. Skull of domestic cat, ventral view.
 
Click for larger image

domestic cat skull

1. Skull of domestic cat, posterior view.
 
Click for larger image

domestic cat jaw

1. Mandible of domestic cat.
 
Click for larger image

Internet Resources

Standard references :
Smithsonian / Wilson & Reeder's Taxonomic List
University of Michigan Animal Diversity Web (Not the best of their pages)

References

Sicuro, F.L. 2011. Evolutionary trends on extant cat skull morphology; Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 103, Issue 1 pp 176–190:
"The felid ecomorphological fit to hypercarnivory is obvious" !

Taxonomy:
Order - Carnivora (typical carnivores)
Suborder - Feliformia (cat-like)
Family - Felidae (cats)
Subfamily - Felinae (non-pantherine cats)

Scientific Name:
Felis "cat" (latin)
catus "cat" (latin)

Dental Formula
U 3.1.2-3.1   L 3.1.2.1

Measurements:  (defined)
Condylobasal length - 89mm
Zygomatic width - 66mm (more)

Collection Data
Stage - Adult
Sex - Male
Area collected - Northumberland, UK
Date collected - 2000
Collector - WH
Collection ref. - 00.037

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional

 

Skull Measurements (defined)

all measurements in mm

Specimen

CB

ZW

JL

IW

PC

NL

UT

Sex

Comments

00.037

89

66

62

18.5

34.5

27

23

M

Gilsland, Northumberland

07.001

80.3

62.4

67.1

18.8

34.8

-

-

-

Gilsland, Northumberland

91.011

88

65.5

60.5

18

31

26

22

F

"Blanca" Gilsland, Northumberland

97.006

85.5

64

61

17.5

33

23

20

-

Newbridge-on-Wye, Wales

93.019

92

75

-

20

33

29

21

M

"Sooty" - Stow, Lincolnshire

12.001

86

68

60

17

30.5

23

20

-

no details

 

96.8

78.5

-

22.6

30.7

24.8

-

-

Orleans, France

12.003

88.8

67.7

61.4

20.2

30.0

25.1

20.3

-

Feral cat, Abu Dhabi, UAE

12.002

60

47

-

12.5

31

18

13

-

Immature. Albany, Georgia, USA

12.005

40.2

29.5

26.4

9.9

25.3

10.8

10.9

M

Immature, 3 weeks, Colne, Lancs.