Procyon lotor




species list





Racoons are found throughout North America from Panama to southern Canada and have become established in Europe and Russia. The skull is rounded in outline, and is further distinguished from canids by the hard palate which extends back beyond the molars. The molar teeth are adapted for an omnivorous diet and the carnassials reduced in comparison to more specialised carnivores. Racoon skulls are generally without a sagittal crest, although this may develop with age (image 2).

raccoon skull

1. Racoon skull, lateral view
Click for larger image

raccoon skull

2. Aged & young racoon skulls compared.
Click for larger image

Internet Resources

Standard links :
Wilson & Reeder's Taxonomic List
American Society of Mammalogists
University of Michigan Animal Diversity Web

Order - Carnivora (typical carnivores)
Suborder - Caniformia (dog-like)
Family - Procyonidae (raccoons & coatis)

Scientific Name:
Procyon "before dogs" (Greek) - Once thought to be ancestral to dogs.
lotor "washer" (Latin) - Captive racoons have been seen to wash their food.

English Name:
From the Algonquian name "aroughcun"
The english name may be spelt with one c or two.

Dental Formula
U - L  The 1st premolar may be missing and extra teeth have been reported.

Measurements:  (explained)
Image 1
Condylobasal length - 110.9mm
Zygomatic width - 67.5mm

Collection Data
Image 1
Stage - Adult
Area collected - Kansas
Source - Courtesy of private collector