Procyon lotor




species list





Racoons are found throughout North America from Panama to southern Canada and have become established in Europe and Russia. The skull is rounded in outline, with a proportionately shorter and wider facial region than a canid. The molar teeth are adapted for an omnivorous diet and the carnassials reduced in comparison to a true carnivore. Racoon skulls are generally without a sagittal crest, although this may develop with age (image 2).

raccoon skull

1. Racoon skull, lateral view
Click for larger image

raccoon skull

2. Aged & young racoon skulls compared.
Click for larger image

Internet Resources

Standard links :
Wilson & Reeder's Taxonomic List
American Society of Mammalogists
University of Michigan Animal Diversity Web

Order - Carnivora (typical carnivores)
Suborder - Caniformia (dog-like)
Family - Procyonidae (raccoons & coatis)

Scientific Name:
Procyon "before dogs" (Greek) - Once thought to be ancestral to dogs.
lotor "washer" (Latin) - Captive racoons have been seen to wash their food.

English Name:
From the Algonquian name "aroughcun"
The english name may be spelt with one c or two.

Dental Formula
U - L  The 1st premolar may be missing and extra teeth have been reported.

Measurements:  (explained)
Image 1
Condylobasal length - 110.9mm
Zygomatic width - 67.5mm

Collection Data
Image 1
Stage - Adult
Area collected - Kansas
Source - Courtesy of private collector